L ondon-based Uber driver Abdurzak Hadi is self-employed but says he is not his own boss as his workflow is determined by an obscure computer algorithm.

With the ride-hailing app deciding which – and how many – clients he gets each day, Hadi says he cannot optimise work and make more money, prompting him to join legal action against Uber that could set a precedent for all workers in the gig economy.

“I’m blind. I don’t know what’s going on. I can only see what the app gives to me,” said Hadi, 41.

He is one of 10 drivers to sue Uber, demanding full access to their personal data and insight over the workings of the company’s algorithms, in a case that lawyers say could improve labour conditions for millions of gig workers in Europe.